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Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld was irritated about not getting enough intelligence from Iraq like they did at Guantanamo Bay so he sent Major General Geoffrey Miller over.

Major General Geoffrey Miller was known for turning Guantanamo Bay from a “conventional Military prison” that played by the rules of war into “a de facto behavioral research laboratory, a kind of torture research laboratory” like Professor Alfred Mccoy called it.
He set up a system that’s foundation was based on getting intelligence from detainees in the fastest possible way by ‘harsher’ interrogation techniques.

Miller however insisted that: ”We detain enemy combatants here at JTF Guantanamo in a humane manner, everything that we do inside Camp Delta America can be proud of.”

Around that time rumours came about that suggested that prisoners at Guantanamo Bay were being treated inhumanely and that they were violating the Geneva Conventions. Human rights organizations wrote several letters asking for them to improve the treatment and living conditions of detainees.

As no journalists or lawyers were allowed into the prison the only information that people got about Guantanamo Bay was from FBI officers who went there to observe the military.

One officer reported:
“ I entered interview rooms to find detainee chained hand and foot in a fetal position on the floor with no chair, no food or water. Most times they had urinated or defecated on themselves and were left there for 18,24 hours or more.”

In 2004 the Bush Administration was forced to release a formerly classified document, which Rumsfeld had approved many extreme interrogation techniques such as:

  • Stress positions  (e.g. standing for 4 hours)
  • Phobias (fear of dogs etc.)
  • Removal of clothing
  • Forced grooming
  • Sexual humiliation techniques

Basically, things to ‘undermine one’s self-confidence’.

On the bottom of this action memo Rumsfeld notes: “However I stand for 8-10 hours a day, why is standing limited to 4 hours?”

8 months after approving these interrogation techniques at Guantanamo Bay, Rumsfeld sends Miller over to Iraq.

Miller thought that they were being too soft to prisoners in Iraq:

“He said they are like dogs and if you allow them to believe at any point that they are more than a dog then you’ve lost control of them”, says Karpinski.

After the visit General Ricardo Sanchez, who was the overall commander of the US forces in Iraq, approved a memorandum for, again, harsher interrogation techniques, similar to Miller’s.

They were against the US and international law but John Yoo says that they probably thought that they abiding by the law.

A month later Sanchez rescinded some of the techniques he had previously approved.

This goes with the comments of the soldiers who claimed that there were so many regulation changes that they were confused about what was allowed and not.

[http://media.photobucket.com/image/ricardo%20sanchez/PhotozOnline/Album%20Two/General_Ricardo_Sanchez.jpg photograph of Sanchez accessed 21/11/2010]

[http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/torturingdemocracy/_base/img/interview_gmiller.jpg photograph of Miller accessed 21/22/2010]

[http://www.math.cornell.edu/~numb3rs/lipa/donald_rumsfeld_350x450.jpg photograph of Rumsfeld accessed on 21/11/2010]

[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/3806713.stm accessed on 21/11/2010]

[Ghosts of Abu Ghraib, 2007, Rory Kennedy]

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Written by coskufertingercmp

November 23, 2010 at 8:33 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

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